• 首页 | 主办单位 | 期刊简介 | 编委会 | 作者指南 | 刊物订阅 | 下载中心 | 联系我们 | English | 期刊界
引用本文:蒋应刚,朱昌丽,张继飞.西藏贫困的脆弱性和多维性*——以昌都、日喀则为例[J].中国农业资源与区划,2020,41(12):92~101
【打印本页】   【下载PDF全文】   查看/发表评论  【EndNote】   【RefMan】   【BibTex】
←前一篇|后一篇→ 过刊浏览    高级检索
本文已被:浏览 56次   下载 47 本文二维码信息
码上扫一扫!
分享到: 微信 更多
西藏贫困的脆弱性和多维性*——以昌都、日喀则为例
蒋应刚1,2, 朱昌丽1, 张继飞2
1.贵州师范大学地理与环境科学学院,贵阳550001;2.中国科学院、水利部成都山地灾害与环境研究所,四川成都610041
摘要:
[目的]贫困是伴随人类发展社会进程所出现的世界性问题,农村贫困更是困扰发展中国家社会经济发展的难题。定量评估农村贫困的多维性和脆弱性特征,不仅有助于理解贫困本身的复杂性,而且能为制定针对性的扶贫对策提供有力支持。[方法]以西藏典型贫困区昌都和日喀则为例,采用入户调查方法获取一手研究数据,对贫困户多维性和脆弱性进行定量测度和评价。[结果]研究区贫困类型可以划分为人力资本缺乏型、基础设施缺乏型、金融资本—基础设施兼缺型、人力资本—基础设施兼缺型、金融资本—人力资本兼缺型、金融资本—人力资本—基础设施缺乏型、生计途径缺乏型; 研究样本脆弱性指数最大值为097,最小值为-023,平均值为036,不同家庭结构和生计策略下贫困的影响因素差异较大,不同家庭结构下影响贫困脆弱性的最显著因素是家庭收支和贷款,不同生计策略下影响贫困脆弱性的最显著因素是生计多样性、抚养比、受教育程度和家庭收支; 样本户由单一维度引起的贫困现象较少,主要是由多种因素共同引起的多维贫困,生计策略以多样型生计策略为主。[结论]研究结论对理解西藏典型农村地区的贫困特征及其精准脱贫实践具有参考价值。
关键词:  贫困多维性脆弱性入户调查定量测度西藏
DOI:
分类号:F323
基金项目:中国科学院、水利部成都山地灾害与环境研究所西藏环境与可持续发展研究中心自主部署项目“西藏精准扶贫的多维约束、关键问题与应对策略”;中国科学院青年创新促进会项目(2018407)
VULNERABILITY AND MULTIDIMENSIONALITY OF POVERTY IN TIBET*——CASE STUDIES OF FAMDO AND XIGAZE
Jiang Yinggang1,2, Zhu Changli1, Zhang Jifei2
1.School of Geographic and Environmental Sciences,Guizhou Normal University,Guiyang 550001,Guizhou, China;2.Chengdu Institute of Mountain Hazards and Environment,Chinese Academy of Sciences & Ministry of Water Resources, Chengdu 610041, Sichuan, China
Abstract:
Poverty is a worldwide concerned issue that accompanied the development process of varied stages of human societies. Specifically, rural poverty is a major problem that plagues the social and economic development of developing countries. The quantitative assessment of the important traits of rural poverty, multidimensionality and vulnerability, can not only benefit the understanding of poverty complexity, but also provide penetrating evidences for targeted poverty alleviation. Taking the representative poverty stricken areas, Qamdo and Xigaze in Tibet as study areas, the first hand research data was obtained through the household investigation and was applied to quantitatively assess the multidimensionality and vulnerability of the rural poverty. The results were showed as follows. (1) The rural poverty of the study area could be divided into eight patterns, i.e., deficient in human capitals, deficient in infrastructures, deficient in financial means & infrastructure, deficient in human capitals & infrastructures, deficient in financial means & human capitals, deficient in financial means & human capitals & infrastructure, deficient in livelihoods approaches; (2) The maximum value of the sample vulnerability index was 0.97, with the minimum value -0.23 and the average value 0.36; (3) The factors influencing poverty under distinct family structures and livelihood strategies were quite different; (4)The most significant factors affecting poverty vulnerability under different family structures were household income, expenditure and loans, and the most significant factor affecting poverty vulnerability under different livelihood strategies was the livelihood diversity, the dependency ratio, the education level, the household income and expenditure. (5)The poverty is caused by combined factors, and the sample household livelihood strategy was mainly diversity livelihood strategy. The study provides a good view to understand the poverty features of typical rural areas in Tibet and deliverers helpful enlightenment for the targeted poverty alleviation as well.
Key words:  poverty  multidimensionality  vulnerability  household investigation  quantitative assessment  Tibet
版权所有:  您是本站第    位访问者
主管单位:中华人民共和国农业农村部 主办单位:中国农业科学院农业资源与农业区划研究所 中国农业资源与区划学会 地址:北京市中关村南大街12号
电话:010-82109647 82108697 电子邮件:quhuabjb@caas.cn
技术支持:北京勤云科技发展有限公司  京ICP备11039015号