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引用本文:刘巽浩,徐文修,李增嘉,褚庆全,杨晓琳,陈 阜.农田生态系统碳足迹法:误区、改进与应用 ———兼析中国集约农作碳效率 (续)[J].中国农业资源与区划,2014,35(1):1~7
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农田生态系统碳足迹法:误区、改进与应用 ———兼析中国集约农作碳效率 (续)
刘巽浩1, 徐文修2, 李增嘉3, 褚庆全1, 杨晓琳1, 陈 阜1
1.中国农业大学,北京 100193;2.新疆农业大学,乌鲁木齐 830052;3.山东农业大学,泰安 271018
摘要:
近10多年来,国内外农田生态系统碳足迹研究蓬勃开展并取得了某些成果。同时也存在着问题与误区,主要是碳流路径的短路和指标逻辑起点不一,导致研究结果的失真与扭曲。该文论述了全环式与半环式碳流路径的利弊,提出了改进3原则,对当前世界流行的5种指标体系进行比较、综合、筛选、补充与改进,初步形成了适合中国实际情况的包括碳流路径、指标体系及相应参数的碳足迹方法论,并通过 1950年以来的全国性农田系统碳流分析和现代高效农田的案例加以验证和剖析,与当前流行的一些主流观点相悖,运用改进的碳足迹法进行的案例研究发现: (1)与多年生林木相似,农田上连年种植的一年生作物同样具有净固碳作用;(2)1952~2012年期间,随着农业集约化程度的不断提高,全国农田生态系统碳效率仍保持在正平衡状态; (3)尽管农田化合物大量投入,但在农田生态系统内增加的固碳量仍超过耗碳量,化学合成物在农田生态系统的合理应用也有减少温室气体的可能性。
关键词:  碳足迹法 农田生态系统 碳效率 集约农作
DOI:10.7621/cjarrp.1005-9121.20140101
分类号:
基金项目:
THE MISSTEPS,IMPROVEMENT AND APPLICATION OF CARBON FOOTPRINT METHODOLOGY IN FARMLAND ECOSYSTEMS WITH THE CASE STUDY OF ANALYZING THE CARBON EFFICIENCY OF CHINA′S INTENSIVE FARMING
Liu Xunhao1, Xu Wenxiu2, Li Zengjia3, Chu Qingquan1, Yang Xiaolin1, Chen Fu1
1.China Agranuicultural University,Bijing 100193;2.Xinjiang Agricultural University,urumqi 830052;3.Shandong Agricultural University,Taian 271018
Abstract:
In recent ten years,research on the carbon footprint of farmland ecological system has made vigorous progress at home and abroad,but there are some problems and misteps,e.g.,the distortion and distorted results which were resulted from unreasonable short circuit path of carbon flux and the different logical starting point of the index.In this paper,the full ring and half ring carbon flow path were discussed;three principle items for improvement were put forward;five popular index systems were compared,synthesized,selected,complemented and revised,and thus a preliminary improved carbon footprint methodology suitable for China'sconditions,including carbon flow paths,index system and cor-responding parameters,was formed and verified using the national farmland system carbon flux history case.Contradicts with the curent mainstream view,three conclusions were obtained from the case study: ⑴ Similar to perennial trees,annual crops planted on farmland year by year also possesed the function of net carbon sequestration.(2)During the 1952~2012years,along with the increasing agricultural intensification,the national farmland ecosystem carbon efficiency had remained a positive equilibrium.(3)Althougha large of chemicals were input into farmland during last 60 years,the increase of carbon in the farmland ecosystem was still higher than the carbon consume,indicating that farmland chemicals had possible characteristics of reducing gree nhouse gases.
Key words:  carbon footprint methodology  farmland ecosystem  carbon efficiency  intensive farmin
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