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引用本文:刘北桦,雷 钧,詹 玲,宋 杨,杨 照.全程机械化:新疆棉花产业发展的必然选择 ———以新疆博乐市达勒特镇呼热布呼村为例[J].中国农业资源与区划,2014,35(1):8~11
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全程机械化:新疆棉花产业发展的必然选择 ———以新疆博乐市达勒特镇呼热布呼村为例
刘北桦1, 雷 钧2, 詹 玲1, 宋 杨3, 杨 照4
1.农业部发展计划司,北京 100125;2.新疆农业资源区划办公室,乌鲁木齐 830049;3.农业部发展计划司,北京 100126;4.农业部规划设计研究院,北京 100125
摘要:
新疆是我国最大的优质棉生产基地,目前初步形成了"世界棉花形势看中国,中国棉花市场看新"的格局,对保障国家棉花产业安全,促进新疆农业增效、农民增收和经济社会稳定发挥了重要作用。 近疆年来,新疆棉花生产成本不断上涨、国内外棉花价差巨大,棉农生产积极性急剧下降,国家棉花安全和棉农收益受到严重影响。发展计划司带队赴新疆博乐市达勒特镇呼热布呼村就"新疆棉花产业现代化道路该如何走"等相关问题进行调研。通过调研,调研组认为实现棉花生产全程机械化是降低棉花生产成本、实现棉花产业现代化、巩固新疆棉花产业优势地位的必然选择。呼热布呼村闯出了新路,主要通过以棉田改造为基础,推进棉花标准化种植、以机械采棉为突破口,推进棉花生产全程机械化、以技术推广服务为支撑,推进棉花社会化服务体系建设等5方面,实现棉花生产全程机械化、促进棉花产业现代化积累了经验。同时也分析了制约新疆棉花生产全程机械化的 5个重点环节,提出了进一步推进棉田改造、加强适应棉花机械化集成技术和品种研究、加大技术推广和培训力度等5方面来推进新疆棉花生产全程机械化的对策措施。
关键词:  棉花 机械化 产业发展 对策措施 新疆
DOI:10.7621/cjarrp.1005-9121.20140102
分类号:
基金项目:
FULLY MECHANIZED: THE INEVITABLY CHOICE FOR THE DEVELOPMENT OF XINJIANG COTTON INDUSTRY——TAKING BOLE CITY OF XINJIANG AS AN EXAMPLE
Liu Beihua,Lei Jun,Zhan Ling,Song Yang,Yang Zhao
1.The Development Planning Department of Ministry of Agriculture, Beijing100125;2.The Division Office of Xinjiang Agricultural Resources, Urumqi830049;3.Department of Agriculture Planning and Design Institute, Beijing 100125
Abstract:
Xinjiang is China's largest production base of cotton, where has great impacts on China's and the world's cotton market and has played an important role in ensuring the security of national cotton industry, improving agricultural efficiency, increasing farmers' income and promoting Xinjiang's economic and social stability. With the increase of the cotton production costs and the price difference between home and abroad, the farmers' enthusiasm in cotton production sharply dropped, and the cotton yield and income were severely affected. Based on the investigation on the Xinjiang cotton industry modernization way in Durham Town, Bole City by the Development Planning Department of the Ministry of Agriculture, the authors thought that realizing cotton production fully mechanization was an inevitable choice to reduce the cost of cotton production, realize cotton industry modernization, and consolidate the Xinjiang cotton industry dominance. The Hurebuhu village rushed out a new road to realize full mechanization of cotton production, and promote modernization of cotton industry, mainly based on the cotton transformation, the standardization of cotton planting, the cotton production mechanization, technical extension, and social service system construction Also it analyzed the restrict factors of Xinjiang mechanization cotton production, and proposed some countermeasures, including further promoting cotton transformation, strengthening the research of cotton mechanization integration technology and varieties, strengthening technology popularization and training.
Key words:  cotton  mechanization  industry development  countermeasures  Xinjiang
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