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引用本文:夏天,吴文斌,余强毅,杨鹏,周清波,唐华俊.农作物空间格局动态变化模拟模型(CROPS)构建[J].中国农业资源与区划,2014,35(1):44~51
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农作物空间格局动态变化模拟模型(CROPS)构建
夏天, 吴文斌, 余强毅, 杨鹏, 周清波, 唐华俊
农业部农业信息技术重点实验室,北京100081/中国农业科学院农业资源与农业区划研究所,北京100081
摘要:
农作物空间格局指特定区域内农作物种植结构、空间分布等信息,是农业土地系统的核心内容之一,也是农业结构调整的重要依据。随着空间模拟技术的发展,农业土地系统的时空动态表达成为可能,但传统模型方法更多关注土地利用类型的转化,而忽视耕地内部农作物格局时空特征的表达。该研究基于CLUE-S土地利用变化模拟模型,进行了概念模型设计、框架和模块重建、参数本底化和校正,研究并提出一个适用于我国农作物空间格局动态变化模拟模型(CROPS,Crop Pattern Simulator)的可行架构,使其能够实现区域尺度土地利用变化与农作物空间格局变化的双层动态模拟。CROPS模型采用了两层次嵌套模拟的模型结构,第一个层次实现对耕地空间格局动态变化过程和状态的表达,第二层次基于第一层次的模拟输出的耕地空间格局,实现耕地内部的农作物空间格局动态变化的有效模拟。CROPS模型主要包括非空间和空间两个大模块,空间模块又包括空间模块I和空间模块II。CROPS模型在东北三省进行了区域应用,结果表明,模型总体模拟效果较好,能够科学合理的表达耕地空间格局和农作物空间格局的动态变化过程。
关键词:  农作物空间格局 动态变化 CROPS模型
DOI:10.7621/cjarrp.1005-9121.20140107
分类号:
基金项目:
SIMULATING THE SPATIAL DYNAMICS OF CROPPING PATTERN: THE CROPS MODEL
Xia Tian, Wu Wenbin, Yu Qiangyi, Yang Peng, Zhou Qingbo, Tang Huajun
Key Laboratory of Agri-Informatics, Ministry of Agriculture, Beijing100081/Institute of Agricultural Resources and Regional Planning, Chinese Academy of Agricultural Sciences, Beijing100081
Abstract:
Crop spatial pattern refers to the temporal and spatial combination of diverse crop allocation, crop distribution, annual multi-cropping, land fallow, and other planting methods in a specific region, which is of extreme significance for crop yield and acreage estimations, and it is also the basis of structural adjustment and optimization. However, crop pattern dynamics are hardly represented by traditional spatial simulation technique (eg land change models) which mainly distinguish the land surface by different land use and land cover types, but crop pattern may change frequently and drastically without any change in land cover level. Based on the theory and applications of the widely-used CLUES land change model, a multi level simulation model, CROPS (Crop Pattern Simulator), was conceptualized to represent the detailed land system change, not only for land use conversions (eg. the transitions among forest, cropland, and built up), but also for crop pattern dynamics (eg. the transitions among maize, rice, and soybean). The representation of crop pattern dynamics was automatically nested after the representation of cropland allocation in each single modeling step. The conceptual CROPS model was further applied to a case study in Northeast China (Liaoning, Jilin, and Heilongjiang Provinces). Results showed that it can finely capture the spatial-temporal characteristics of land use and crop pattern in the study region from 1980—2010.
Key words:  crops  spatio temporal pattern  model  CROPS
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