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引用本文:刘海启.加快我国由农业大国向农业强国转变的战略思考和工作举措[J].中国农业资源与区划,2020,41(3):7~11
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加快我国由农业大国向农业强国转变的战略思考和工作举措
刘海启
农业农村部规划设计研究院/农业农村部耕地利用遥感重点实验室
摘要:
[目的]提高我国农业综合效益和竞争力,实现由农业大国向农业强国的转变,是新时代习近平总书记强农强国思想的重要论断,也是实现我国第二个百年目标的战略要求以及实施乡村振兴战略的历史使命。[方法]遵照习近平总书记的这一重大时代命题,通过深入领会习近平总书记关于强农强国的一系列重要论述精神,准确把握其理论逻辑、历史教训、现实矛盾、中外经验以及强国要求等战略思想,系统分析了战略判断、战略重点、战略评估等战略要素。[结果]中国强农业必须强,农业强粮食必须强,粮食强农民收入必须高,农民收入高必须以逐步建成现代化农业经济体系为保障。[结论]必须以农业供给侧结构性改革为主线,以抓好粮食生产为首要任务,以增加农民收入为中心任务,加速农业发展方式向精准农业方式以及数字农业经济体系转变,加快建成现代化农业经济体系。当前要做好5方面工作:做好“两区”划建管工作,让各地政府种好自己的“责任田”; 培育新型经营主体发展适度规模经营,提高农民种粮的规模效益; 以五大振兴和“七个之路”为乡村振兴战略总布局,扎实推进乡村全面振兴; 加快向数字农业发展方式转变,提高我国绿色兴农和质量兴农水平; 构建现代化农业经济体系,提高我国农业发展的国际竞争力。
关键词:  农业大国农业强国数字农业乡村振兴战略现代化经济体系数字农业经济体系
DOI:
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基金项目:
THE STRATEGIC THINKING AND WORKING INITIATIVES FOR ACCELERATING THE REALIZATION OF THE CHANGE FROM LARGE COUNTRY TO POWERFUL COUNTRY IN AGRICULTURE
Liu Haiqi
Key Laboratory of Cultivated Land Use, Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Affairs,Academy of Agricultural Planning and Engineering, Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Affairs, Beijing 100125, China
Abstract:
Enhancing the comprehensive benefits and competitiveness capacity for China′s agriculture and realizing the change from an large agricultural country to an powerful agricultural country, is the major theory instruction about strengthening agriculture and country in the new era, which put forward by general secretary Xi Jinping. Meanwhile, it is a strategic requirement for realizing the second centenary goal of China, as well as the historical mission of implementing the rural revitalization strategy. In accordance with this great epoch proposition, the paper reviewed with deep understanding and thorough study on series significant guiding principles for strengthening agriculture and country elaborated by general secretary Xi Jinping. Under the guidance and inspiration, some strategic thoughts such as the theoretical logic, historical lessons, realistic contradictions, experiences both from domestic and abroad, and demands of strengthening the country were generally grasped; and some strategic elements such as strategic prediction, strategic focus, and strategic evaluations were systematically analyzed. The above review and analysis made us clearly recognize a profound and inherent logistic relationship, that was, a strong China must base on its own powerful agriculture, and a powerful agriculture must base on a stable grain production capacity; while, the stable grain production capacity was bound to be inseparably interconnected with the high income of farmers, which must be guaranteed by the gradual establishment of a modern agricultural economic system. Therefore, we must take the agricultural supply side structural reform as the main path, the grain production as the primary task, and the increase of farmers′ income as the core task; consequently accelerate the change of agricultural development style into precision agriculture and digital agriculture economic system, as well as the establish of a modern agricultural economic system. Thus, there are five key tasks must be well done currently as follows: (1) To enforce effectively in the delineation, construction and management of "Two Zones" and then promote local governments diligently plant their own "responsibility farmland"; (2) To cultivate the new agricultural business entities so as to develop appropriately scaled farming operation, and then increase the scale benefit of farmers′ grain planting; (3) To take the Five Revitalization and the "Seven ways" as the overall arrangement of the Rural Revitalization Strategy, and then solidly promote the comprehensive revitalization of the rural areas; (4) To speed up the change into digital agricultural development style, and then strengthen the development oriented green agriculture and high quality agriculture in China; (5) To build a modern agricultural economic system, and then enhance the international competitiveness capacity of China′s agricultural development.
Key words:  large agricultural country  powerful agricultural country  digital agriculture  the rural revitalization strategy  modern economic system  digital agricultural economic system
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