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引用本文:罗其友,刘子萱,高明杰,刘洋,杨亚东.现代农业园区发展机制探析[J].中国农业资源与区划,2020,41(7):14~20
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现代农业园区发展机制探析
罗其友, 刘子萱, 高明杰, 刘洋, 杨亚东
中国农业科学院农业资源与农业区划研究所,北京100081
摘要:
[目的]现代农业园区是推进我国农业现代化和乡村振兴的重要抓手,探索园区形成演变机制与发展规律具有重要理论和现实意义。[方法]基于我国现代农业园区建设实践探索与相关理论文献梳理总结,系统探讨现代农业园区的核心内涵、主体功能、动力机制、运行机制和利益机制。[结果]现代农业园区是我国农业现代化空间增长极,由政策、环境、市场、创新和集聚等多因素共同交互作用形成,其中创新和集聚是发展的关键驱动力; 园区具有准公共物品特性,按照“政府引导、企业运作、农户参与”的框架,创建了中国特色现代农业园区运行管理机制; 搭建了多主体合作共赢机制,平衡现代农业园区各方利益诉求,结成利益共同体,让农民充分分享农业全产业链增值收益。[结论]为适应农业高质量发展新形势,面向高品质生活、高质量发展和高价值惠民“三高”新要求,现代农业园区应紧紧依靠创新驱动,全面激活相关主体,培植新产业和新业态,重构创新链、产业链、供应链和价值链“四链”,做强地区特色优势产业,推动园区转型升级、实现可持续发展。
关键词:  现代农业园区动力机制运行机制利益机制
DOI:
分类号:F323
基金项目:中央级公益性科研院所基本科研业务费专项(Y2018YJ26、Y2019ZK10、G202002-48、747);中央农办 农业农村部乡村振兴专家咨询委员会软科学课题(20190206、2019KF116)
RESEARCH ON THE DEVELOPMENT MECHANISM OF MODERN AGRICULTURAL PARKS IN CHINA
Luo Qiyou, Liu Zixuan, Gao Mingjie, Liu Yang, Yang Yadong
Institute of Agricultural Resources and Regional Planning,Chinese Academy of Agricultural Sciences,Beijing 100081,China
Abstract:
Modern agricultural parks are critical for promoting agricultural modernization and implementing a rural vitalization strategy in China. It is of great theoretical and practical significance to explore the evolution mechanism and development law of the modern agricultural park. We had researched on related literature and practical construction experience that illuminated the core connotation and effect of the modern agricultural parks, deeply analyzed the dynamic, operational and interest mechanism. As the spatial growth pole of China′s agricultural modernization, modern agricultural parks were affected by muti factor which included policy, environment, market, agglomeration and innovation. It was worth noting that the agglomeration and innovation were the two significant factors. Establishing the management mechanism of government guidance, enterprise operation and farmer participation was necessary, because modern agricultural parks had the characteristics of quasi public goods. Therefore, in order to increase farmers′ income, the government should build a win win mechanism for multi organization cooperation, balance interests, and built a community of interests. Thus, to achieve high quality agricultural development, the modern agricultural parks should accelerate the agglomeration of production factors and related enterprises; promote the integrated development of multiple industries, restructure the "four chains" include innovation chain, industrial chain, supply chain and value chain, strengthen regional advantages and characteristic industries. In this way, it could improve the level of agricultural modernization and achieve sustainable development in China.
Key words:  modern agricultural park  dynamic mechanism  operational mechanism  interest mechanism  China
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