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引用本文:李新,梁栋,贾昕为,陈慧金,毕涛.农业农村数据开放平台研究与实践[J].中国农业资源与区划,2020,41(7):216~223
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农业农村数据开放平台研究与实践
李新, 梁栋, 贾昕为, 陈慧金, 毕涛
农业农村部信息中心,北京100125
摘要:
[目的]数据作为一种新型生产要素写入中央文件,有助于释放底层数据的价值,加快数据资产化进程,加速数字经济新业态、新模式的诞生。数据开放作为政府信息公开的重要组成部分,对于发挥数据价值,为大数据广泛应用提供重要的数据支撑具有重要意义。农业是我国的基础产业,农业农村数据对于政府的决策和社会主体参与农业生产活动也起到了关键的作用。[方法]文章就农业农村数据开放问题,阐述了农业农村数据作为农业生产要素的重要作用,总结了农业农村数据开放对于农业管理和服务的重要意义,研究了国内外有关农业农村数据开放的典型案例,分析了现阶段农业农村数据开放平台存在的问题,提出了一种升级面向社会开放农业农村统计数据平台的思路,并依托官方网站搭建数据开放的新平台,丰富了开放的数据源,整合了已有数据,并拓展了数据展现方式。[结果]对农业农村数据开放平台的运行成效进行了分析和总结,数据浏览量、检索量、数据下载量等反映建设成效的各项指标有了大幅度提升。[结论]社会公众对于高质量的农业农村开放数据具有极大需求,而以官方网站为载体进行的数据开放,能够提供科学、权威、全面的农业农村数据,为数据的增值增效提供了平台。
关键词:  数据生产要素农业农村数据开放数据频道
DOI:
分类号:G203
基金项目:
RESEARCH AND PRACTICE OF AGRICULTURAL AND RURAL DATA OPEN PLATFORM
Li Xin, Liang Dong, Jia Xinwei, Chen Huijin, Bi Tao
The Information Center,Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Affairs, Beijing 100125, China
Abstract:
Data is written into the recent central file as a new production factor. It is helpful to release the value of underlying data, accelerate the process of data capitalization, and speed up the birth of new formats and models of digital economy. As an important part of government information disclosure, data openness is of great significance to give full play to the value of data and provide important data support for the wide application of big data. Agriculture is the most basic industry of our country. Agricultural and rural data also play an important and key role in the decision making of the government and the participation of social subjects in agricultural production activities. This research expounded the important role of agricultural and rural data as agricultural production factors, summarized the significance of agricultural and rural data opening for agricultural management and service, studied the typical cases of agricultural and rural data opening at home and abroad, analyzed the problems of agricultural and rural data opening platform at present, and put forward an idea of upgrading the agricultural and rural statistical data platform which could open to the society, and built a new data opening platform relying on the official website, which enriched the open data sources, integrated the existing data, and expanded the way of data presentation. Through analyzing and summarizing the operation effect of the agriculture and rural data open platform, the indicators reflecting the construction effect, such as the data browsing amount, retrieval amount, data downloading amount, had been greatly improved. The public has a great demand for high quality agricultural and rural open data, and the data opening based on the official website can provide scientific, authoritative and comprehensive agricultural and rural data, and provide a platform for the value added and efficiency increase of data.
Key words:  data  production factors  agriculture and rural area  open data  data channel
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