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引用本文:尹昌斌,李福夺,王术,郝艾波.中国农业绿色发展的概念、内涵与原则[J].中国农业资源与区划,2021,42(1):1~6
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中国农业绿色发展的概念、内涵与原则
尹昌斌1,2,李福夺1,王术1,郝艾波1
1.中国农业科学院农业资源与农业区划研究所,北京 100081;2.中国农业绿色发展研究中心,北京 100081
摘要:
目的 十八大以来,随着系列绿色发展理念的提出,对我国农业绿色发展的基础问题进行探究具有重要理论和现实意义。方法 文章基于文献梳理的视角,界定农业绿色发展的概念,阐述农业绿色发展的内涵,提出推进农业绿色发展的原则,为我国农业绿色转型提供指导和借鉴。结果 (1)农业绿色发展是以资源环境承载力为基准,以资源利用节约高效为基本特征,以生态保育为根本要求,以环境友好为内在属性,以绿色产品供给有力为重要目标的人与自然和谐共生的发展新模式;(2) 农业绿色发展的范畴涵盖农业布局的绿色化、农业资源利用的绿色化、农业生产手段的绿色化、农业产业链接的绿色化、农产品供给的绿色化、农产品消费的绿色化等“六化”共进;(3)农业绿色发展应遵循因地制宜、分类施策,资源节约、环境友好,产业闭合、绿色主导,创新驱动、科技支撑四大原则。结论 农业绿色发展是在对我国当前农业生产现状进行深刻反思和对未来农业发展方向进行预判的基础上提出的新的发展模式,是促进农业全面转型升级和高质量发展的国家战略。
关键词:  农业绿色发展  农业高质量发展  概念  内涵与范畴  原则
DOI:10.7621/cjarrp.1005-9121.20210101
分类号:F205
基金项目:国家社会科学基金重大项目“生态补偿与乡村绿色发展协同推进体制机制与政策体系研究”(18ZDA048)
THE CONCEPT, CONNOTATION AND PRINCIPLE OF AGRICULTURAL GREEN DEVELOPMENT IN CHINA
Yin Changbin1,2, Li Fuduo1, Wang Shu1, Hao Aibo1
1.Institute of Agricultural Resources and Regional Planning, Chinese Academy of Agricultural Sciences, Beijing 100081, China;2.Research Center for Agricultural Green Development in China, Beijing 100081, China
Abstract:
Since the Eighteenth National Congress of the Communist Party of China, with the introduction of a series of green development concepts, studying basic problems of Chinese green development has significantly theoretical and realistic meaning. Based on the perspective of literature review, this paper defines the concept, explains the connotation, and proposes the principles of agricultural green development, which can be useful for guiding and reference of China's agricultural green transformation. The green development of agriculture is based on the carrying capacity of resources and the environment, with the characteristics of resource conservation and efficiency as the features, with ecological conservation as the fundamental requirement, with environmental friendliness as the intrinsic attribute, and with the powerful supply of green products as the important goal. Which is a new development model for harmonious symbiosis. The connotations of agricultural green development are reflected in the greening of agricultural regional planning, the greening of agricultural resources utilization, the greening of agricultural production methods, the greening of agricultural industry links, the greening of agricultural products supply, and the greening of agricultural products consumption. The green development of agriculture should follow the four principles: adaptability to local conditions, classified policies and innovation-driven, resource conservation and environmental friendliness, industrial closure and green dominance, scientific and technological support. Agricultural green development is a development pattern proposed on the basis of a deep reflection on the current status of agricultural production in China and a prediction of future agricultural development goals, which can be helpful for promoting the national strategy for the transformation of high-quality agricultural development.
Key words:  agricultural green development  agricultural high-quality development  concept  connotation  principle
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